One of the most important routine maintenance tasks for a boat is flushing the motor and testing it out of the seawater, and that’s what we’re going to talk about in this article.
A few things to keep in mind:
You would be causing damage to the engine if you ran it without water, and hence, attaching a hose to the water intakes is very important. If you’re lucky, your motor has a built-in attachment that accepts a hose nozzle, but if it does not, you will have to use some motor flusher muffs.
Run the water before you start the engine, and then run the engine for five to ten minutes, based on what the engine’s manufacturer recommends (that’s in the user manual).
Here are the steps to follow to test the motor out of seawater.
Step 1: Hooking the hose and the flusher muffs
i. Go through the manual
Before you start the motor out of the water, go through the manual. It will tell you where the intakes are and inform you if they have an attachment for a hose. In case it doesn’t have the attachment, then you will have to use motor muffs.
The flushing recommendations that most manufacturers issue are similar, however, checking what your engine’s manufacturer says precisely helps you follow the most effective procedure.
ii. Hook the hose to the motor
Your motor has the attachment? Great. Look for the water intakes on the engine’s lower sides, and hook the hose into one of them. In most cases, the manual recommends that you use heavy tape to cover the other intake.
iii. Get some motor muffs
You’re only going to need some if your engine doesn’t have an attachment for the hose. You can get these for around 10 dollars online or at a boating store.
iv. Connect the muffs
Some people like wetting the muffs’ insides before connecting them to the motor, as that gives them a better grip and prevents them from coming off when the engine runs.
While clamping the muffs to the motor, ensure they are positioned such that the connecting rod is situated opposite the propeller and in front of the motor.
v. Hook the garden hose to the muffs
One muff is solid, while the other one has a nozzle. Screw the hose onto the one that has a nozzle, making sure the connection is tight.
Step 2: start the engine
i. Turn on the water
As soon as there’s a good connection between the engine and the hose, run the water. You can refer to the user manual for any water pressure setting specifications. In most case, around half pressure applies.
Caution: don’t attempt starting the engine before running the water.
ii. Turn the engine to neutral
Before starting the engine, be sure to put the throttle or gearshift in the neutral position.
If you’re testing the propeller’s function, you can put the engine in the gear position but first, make sure there are no people or things near the propeller.
iii. Start the engine
Some engines have a starter that you have to pull while others can be started with a key turn; there are yet others where you have to push a button.
iv. Check to ensure the water pump is working properly
There should be an overflow of water from the upper part of the motor, and if you can’t see it, then something is wrong with the pump.
So, if you can’t see the overflow, switch off the engine. Maybe there’s some debris blocking the outflow tube – insert a wire in there to confirm this, and if there’s some indeed, remove it. If after removing the debris, there is still no stream of water from the tube, you probably need to have the pump replaced.
Step 3: flush the motor
i. Let the engine run
If the water pump is fine and you can see the overflow, let the engine run for around 10 minutes or as specified in the manual. If your purpose for running the engine is to flush the motor, then running the engine for five to ten minutes will be enough, but if you want to test another function, you might need to run it for longer.
While the engine is running, keep watch on the muffs, ensuring they’re not coming off.
ii. Turn off the engine
Once you’re done testing the engine’s function or flushing it, be sure to turn off the engine before you turn off the water. Remember, having the engine run without water is exposing it to damage.
iii. Detach the hose
Once you have turned off the engine and the water, detach the hose from the built-in attachment or the muffs. And after removing the hose, coil it up and store it away.
Also, take off the muffs by sliding them off the lower unit of the motor and store them away.
Now, before you tilt the engine, keep it down for an hour or so, to allow the water to drain from the powerhead, and once it has drained, return the motor to the tilted position. And lastly, store the boat as you prefer.
Another Method for Testing the Motor Out of Water
Follow the following steps to test the motor the easy way:
1. Mount the motor to a firm platform and position a huge water bucket beneath it. Ensure the propeller is totally submerged.
2. Rid the gas can of the old oil-gas mixture, as that might be contaminated. Then, add the recommended (refer to the user manual) amount of fresh 2-stroke oil and gas into the can. Be sure to use some good-quality oil and gas.
3. So, the motor has not been started in a long time? In that case, some starting fluid will be very helpful. Disconnect the spark plugs’ rubber shields and remove the plugs so that you can spray the starting fluid into the cavity and the air filter.
4. Use a 12 V battery to start a problematic motor. In the event that the motor does not start when you pull the cord, you can start it the way you jump a car, using a 12 V battery. Attach the jumper cables to those metal screws at the motor’s starter.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. How much does rebuilding a boat engine cost?
It will cost you approximately $2500, but of course, the actual cost depends on the specific elements involved. Purchasing a regular rebuilt midsized outboard motor will probably cost you about $4000 depending on where you buy it from. If you’re on a budget, consider getting it from a discount dealer rather than a full-service dealer.
2. How do I know that my boat’s water pump is bad?
If there’s no overflow of water at the upper part, then you know there’s something wrong with the pump. But, before you head to the shop to buy another one, check if the outflow tube is blocked by debris or other material.
3. How does an impeller differ from a propeller?
Both apparatuses offer your boat thrust, but they do it differently. An impeller is basically a rotor and a part of the pump that creates a sucking force. A propeller, on the other hand, is a fan that has rotational motion, which it converts into linear motion; it pushes against fluids through its rotational motion.
We hope this guide helped you test the motor out of the seawater. The most important point to keep in mind is that the engine should never be run without water, as that would damage it. Also, don’t forget to check the manufacturer’s recommendations on the process.